If the dog inherits one Merle gene and one non-merle gene, he is considered heterozygous (Mm). Like all breeds there may be some health issues related to the Bulldog breed. They can also, on occasion, have two brown eyes. Merle French bulldog puppies are one of the rarest French bulldog colors. The merle gene is being introduced into new breeds everyday. Respectable American bully breeders will not breed or “Stud” or breed their American Bullies to merle dogs. Although they have been popping up on social media as “rare colored” American and Exotic Bullies, the Merle color has no place in the American Bully breed. The first French Bulldog was created about 150 years ago by mixing an English Bulldog with a Rat Terrier. Health Issues . Contrary to popular beliefe, the merle gene in itself does not cause any helth issues. In addition, low genetic diversity sets this breed up for many health issues. Blue merle French Bulldogs or any other merle French Bulldogs are 100% Bulldogs on DNA. You can use a standard dog brush to manage their coat. Anyone that breeds Merle’s are just it in for the money and they don’t care about the breed at all. Merle American Bullies are prone to eye and ear abnormalities, partial to total deafness and poor eye-sight due to intraocular pressure. Many of these pups eventually end up in a shelter and some even end up being used as bait dogs by dog fighters. The MM type is also associated with abnormalities of the skeletal system, cardiac ( heart) and reproductive systems. The rule of thumb is to breed a merle to a non-merle to avoid those health issues. But if you breed two merles together (Mm X Mm) you will produce on average a quarter mm (non-merle), a half Mm (merle) and a quarter MM (double-merle; also called double-dapple). HEALTH IN GENETIC TESTING. If you are looking for a French bulldog whose eyes remain blue permanently, Merle Frenchie would be your only option. Spreading the word about what a double merle is, is just part of the answer. The puppy pictured below is a Blue Pied Merle with blue eyes, that will be blue permanently. Official bodies and Kennel Clubs can lead the forefront in discouraging the deliberate breeding of double merles, but educating puppy buyers would also help. This introduction probably took place quite a few years ago, way before the French Bulldog breed gained momentum. One copy of the merle gene causes a marbling effect on the coat and creates lighter spots throughout the solid color coat. If you have an eye for exotic colors, then research your breeder and make sure that they always prioritize the French Bulldog health, temperament, and features over coat color. They all need to be in healthy conditions and live in a clean area so you’re assured that they’re in good shape. gluten fre The color itself is inherited through an incompletely dominant allele, which means you can easily transmit it from breed to breed. There’s no need to worry about feathering or curling. A double merle inherits the merle gene twice. While many exotic & micro bully breeders have rushed to cash in on this short term fad- marketing their puppies as “rare colored” it won’t have any longevity. Our merle french bulldog puppies for sale always come with a one full year health guarantee and a clean bill of health … Hearing loss is attributed to the absence of pigment in the eye passage hairs. A long history of health issues. The reputable national clubs in the UK and the US agree that merle Frenchies are not purebred and that they are being produced by unscrupulous breeders to take advantage of less-knowledgeable puppy buyers. Double Merle dogs are almost fully white, have bright blue eyes, and can occasionally be born with eye deformities. These rogue breeders have capitalized on recessive color genes, DNA test their dogs for those recessive colors, and very likely engage in outcrossing with other breeds, to intentionally and prolifically produce Non-Standard colored Bulldogs. Isabella is one of the newest colors in the French Bulldog breed. Selective Breeding. Once these dogs wind up in a shelter, as many do, they still face death because no one wants a “defective” dog, making adoption extremely difficult. The answer is, to each their own. An overweight bulldog can also lead to health issues. Since many reputable French bulldog breeders don’t admit merle Frenchies, we want to relieve why it’s like that. Merle Bulldog Health Issues mini goldendoodle puppy cost. Geneticist Lee Anne Clark says merle-to-merle breedings may be difficult to detect, but health issues in their puppies are usually the result. The merle pattern is produced when a dog has a single copy of the M< allele. Merle is a gene that causes random modifications throughout the dog’s coat, paw pads, nose, and eyes, by removing pigment – the result being patches of missing pigment that are placed on previously mentioned areas. Because of this, the American Kennel Club (AKC), does not recognize the merle French Bulldog as a standard breed color. Black Merle French Bulldogs are black coated dogs with patches of missing pigment that are usually light gray or light brown. For this reason, two merles should not be bred together, as this could result in double Merle puppies with possible problems. as Merle Is unrecognised by KC this father has certified certificate proof of breed french bulldog. Any respectable American bully breeder will not breed or “Stud” or breed their American Bullies to merle dogs. These health registries come from the United States Australian Shepherd Association, which participates in the Canine Health Information Center, a health database. Today, many of the bully breeds are facing a very disturbing trend with the appearance of Non-Standard colors, something the founders of our breed could not possibly have anticipated. It’s not all black and white. Though a variety of merle colors are referred to by breeders and dog owners, the two most commonly seen types of merle are blue merles and red merles. The one Merle gene copy will dominate the non-Merle gene; the one copy will dilute your dog’s coat and lead to the possibility of different colored eyes. The double merles are often killed at birth just for being white, when it is still too early to tell if the dog will have any hearing or vision problems. Both issues are associated with the lack of pigment. In certain breeds of dog, there is a coat pattern known as ‘merle’. Mum is a cracker won't find a better looking french bulldog she's blue brindle with zero health issues. They possess unique coats that take a lot of controversies. Lavender merle french bulldog.These can be in patches of odd colors, blue, piebald, or any other mottled patches. Blue merle French Bulldog is definitely the most popular and eye-catching merle colors now, but there might be some other adorable color combos you never came across. Pied, also called Piebald is a gene that is responsible for pigment removal, just like the merle gene. There are three genotypes the dog can carry. orijen puppy food large breed. And here you have it, a blue fawn merle French Bulldog. Our only disqualification is a Brown or Liver-colored nose. Merle and Rare Colored French Bulldogs. Read more to understand more about the condition and how to prevent it. The Merle gene when doubled up, can, but not always does, cause health issues, mostly deafness and blindness. Merle coat pattern comes in different color variations (not only blue) and can affect any dog breed. "Has KC papers" Dad has his own Facebook page names under King Arthur he's a Merle lilac but carries platinum gene also. Both lilac, Isabella and blue Frenchies possess the blue eye characteristic – but that only applies to puppies. A dog with two merle genes will be mainly white in color. Standard color breeders and AKC show competitors look down upon exotic colored French Bulldogs like merles, lilacs, blues, chocolates, etc, and consider them to be un-pure and unacceptable. There are several answers to this question, the first being pure ignorance. Needless to say, the deliberate breeding of double merles causes a lot of controversy in the canine world — certain official bodies (such as the Kennel Club in the UK) have clamped down on the practice, refusing to register dogs that are a result of merle-to-merle breeding. Double merles are highly likely to suffer from eye or ear deformities (in some cases both), which at the most extreme can result in complete blindness and deafness. Dogs do not "carry" merle. They appear like a tri-color dog (black, white and tan), but with patches of the black appearing ‘faded’ or grey. Once the new gene is introduced its bred back into a Bulldog. The merle patterning is created by a particular gene in the dog. French bulldogs health issues are notorious. Let’s just assume an introduction took place to create blue Merle French Bulldogs. CONTACT INFORMATION So, what is wrong with breeding for color? This article explores the world of double merle genetics, the breeds affected, the health issues and the wide range of ongoing debates concerning the breeding of double merles. Coat color introduction takes place when a different breed that already carries that color or pattern (in this case, probably a chihuahua) is mixed into the genetic pool. 17 State Street Suite 4000, New York, NY 10004. As the dogs grow and mature, the blue colored eyes change. These dogs are 100% preventable. These are the pups that a breeder wants, because they can profit from these pups. That’s why it’s important to know the health of both the parents and litter. These are known as ‘cryptic merles’, but the exact reason why such dogs do not display the merle pattern remains unknown. But guess what? However, litters from a Marle carrier bred with a non-carrier do not exhibit any health issues. The Bulldog breed standard was written over a century ago and only deems black brindle, cream, fawn, pied, and white as acceptable colors. Blue Merle English Bulldogs have a short, smooth and straight coat. They possess unique coats that take a lot of controversies. For the first few years of its existence, the black brindle French Bulldog was the only coat color present in this newly created breed. A 2006 paper on the merle gene first published by the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America attempted to identify the gene in dogs that caused the merle pattern. 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