Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) has established a 1.5 acre demonstration plot for Ultra High Density Planting (UHDP) of mango in the College … The rectangular system of planting/layout is preferred as it facilitates orchard operations. During 2003 the highest yield / ha (13.9 tonnes /ha) was observed in 5.0 m x 5.0 m spacing accommodating 400 plants/ha. Vigour management plays an important role in mango, especially for high density planting and orchard management in terms of ... vigour of mango scion varieties up to more than 30%. When removing the seedling from replanting, take measures to ensure that there is no disturbance. This will allow you to procure high quality grafted mango seedlings. Cultivation practices for Ultra High Density Mango Plantation Lets talk about the cultivation practices for Ultra High Density mango plantation. It has become a commercial practice in Konkan region of Maharashtra. When planting the mango seedlings, you can cut the leaves in order to minimize the total surface area of the leaf. Before the tree begins flowering, feed it a blossom booster or a low nitrogen plant food. Should you intercrop your mango plants with other crops? Mango exhibits a wide variation in flowering and fruiting habit due to varietal differences and diversity in agro-climatic conditions. In the hotter areas, you should cover the tree bases with natural mulch so as to minimize heat absorption. Dry weather before blossoming is conducive to profuse flowering. This will increase their chances of survival. In mango three different methods of high density planting viz., low density, moderate density and high density planting are followed. Kesar. Method of Planting Spacing (m) Population (No. High Density Planting is a method of densely planting plant with plant population more than the optimum to get higher productivity in terms of quality and yield by manipulating the tree architecture and planting systems such as use of dwarfing rootstock, interstocks, scions, spurs; intensive use of growth regulators, training and pruning, cultural practices and reducing the spacing. A field experiment was conducted to study the performance of different varieties of mango under high density planting during the year 2017-18 at Department of Fruit Science, Kittur Rani Channamma College of Horticulture, Arabhavi, University of Horticulture Sciences, Bagalkot. Plant spacing varies between 1.5-6 m in the row and 6-8 m between rows (238-1111 trees/hectare). Make sure that there is sufficient space of land where you will plant your grafted mango seedlings. Do proper soil preparation and install an irrigation system on the orchard before you plant the young mango seedlings. The mulch not only provides fertile organic matter for the mango trees but it is also useful for moisture preservation. However, in high density planting, the first training treatment was given after one growing season in February 1977. There are certain mango varieties that can withstand lower storage temperatures such as 10 degree Celsius. ̑���la���%p���ׯ�����,��:1ޜ�Dlj�����\��}y�eR'\F��Y҇��?�H-Ɍ`&b��������vHأ� ��&i8W?ݨ`��h�l�G���{$��W_%���A�d�R��K��Hd��I�,ZC����r�X��}��s�]~y�Dt��V�%h��pӤ���S�u$u��������k�?�����"P@��2VB��V��h�o/~�^֣�Ԑ�-�J B�4kN���I;>� Pruning should also be done after fruit harvest. Before flowering, it is recommended that you do foliar applications of 3% urea where the soil is sandy. • In Dashehari mango, the average yield in high density … You can also mix up the top soil with the required amount of farm yard manure or tree fertilizers. When the tree hits 20 to 40 years, it will bear anywhere from 1000 to 3000 (200kg to 600kg) fruits in an on year. The downside is that this will need more capital outlay that will be used for establishing and managing the mango orchard. This will help guide the trees and also facilitate the harvesting of the fruits later on when they begin fruiting. Not only do the grafted fruits perform way better, you also have the opportunity to choose from a great selection of sweet and aromatic fruits that you can plant. If the trees in a 4.5m row start to touch one another, you can remove the alternate rows and then diagonally alternate the trees within the rows. The productivity of mango in lndia is stagnated around6toTTons/ha. 13:37. Trees are dwarf, low spreading and suitable for high density planting (400 trees/ha as against the recommended 100 tress/ha). The spacing between the grafted mango trees varies depending on the variety that you are planting and the growing climate or environment. Mangos require spacing of 6m to 10m so depending on the number of seedlings that you are planning to plant, you need to carefully factor in the space requirements when planting your seedlings. When transporting the mango seedlings, take measures not to pile up the seedlings as this is likely to damage the young trees. Density in mango orchard In mango three different methods of high density planting viz., low density, moderate density and high density planting are followed. Note: The mulch should not touch the trunks of the transplanted mango seedlings in order to reduce the risk of diseases. Once new growth emerges on your mango tree, apply fertilizers or compost manure. Make sure this applied correctly in order to have the desired effect. %PDF-1.5 <>>> The variety is suitable for high density planting as about 1600 plants may be planted in a hectare. It yields on an average of 16 tonnes/hectare. Because net canopy photosynthesis increases with increasing plant density, we hypothesized that increasing planting density would result in increasing rates of dinitrogen fixation in soybeans and higher yields per unit land area. This will be beneficial in helping improve the mango yield. The mango fruit yield will vary vastly depending on factors such as the agro-climatic conditions in the region where you are planting the trees. Mangoes have a delicious taste, an excellent flavor and very nice fragrance. It is dwarf, regular bearing and late maturing variety. Hybridization In mango hybridization , work taken up in post independence period laid emphasis on regular and precocious bearing, dwarfness, high percentage of pulp, fibreless flesh, large fruits with red blush, good keeping quality and … Make sure you do all these steps without removing the soils that is around the roots of the seedling or even bending the roots. /annum and dry season. Unfortunately, they tend to be costly and there is just so many mangoes that your little grocery budget can allow. High density orcharding in mango : An important approach for improving productivity; high economic returns per unit area . Make sure that you meet the nutrient and water requirements of the intercrops separately. In a dry zone, you can go for spacing of about 10m by 10m. The model spacing scheme for mango farming is 8m by 8m with a total population of 63 mango plants in an acre is generally considered. • In Dashehari mango, the average yield in high density is reportedly 9.6 tonnes compared to 0.2 tonnes in low density planting. Doing this in spring allows the trees to withstand the summer heat and the cold winter temperatures. Plant density. In north India, mango Amrapali is found amenable for high-density planting with a spacing of 2.5m x 2.5m. You can steadily increase the amount of fertilizer applied as the tree grows bigger and bigger. For heavy or clay soils, the vigor of the mango trees is somewhat reduced and you can go with row spacing of 8m to 9m along with tree spacing of 4m to 5m. Moreover, the advantages under Ultra High Density Planting include two to three-fold increase in output, optimal use of vertical & horizontal space, improved water-use & fertilizer-use efficiency, possibility of utilizing the space between plants for inter-cropping during early years of planting besides making orchard crops gainful as other cash crops. Once you have chosen your preferred mango variety and procured the seedlings, it is time to decide on the ideal spacing for your mangoes. Apart from commercial fertilizers, you can also use compost or farm yard manure or mulching to replenish the mango trees with nutrients. Membership Form Mango. Mango exhibits a wide variation in flowering and fruiting habit due to varietal differences and diversity in agro-climatic conditions. There are concerted efforts in the leading mango producing countries in the world to increase the area under mango cultivation as well as the profitability of the fruits. Fortunately, there are lots of grafted mango species that you can find in your locality and these often have plenty of advantages over planting “locally” from mango seedlings. When watering, make sure your flood the area around the trunk of the mango tree. The nitrogenous fertilizers should be applied at varied intervals so to prevent the leaching out (downward movement of nutrients or minerals in water). N.S. Next. In wet or richer soils, you will need to space out the mango trees even farther to 12m by 12m as they are likely to have more vigorous vegetative growth. The Ultra-High Density Plantation technique requires mango grafts of commercial varieties to be planted close to each other. The variety will certainly be a factor but there are various other factors that you should look for in order to ensure that you procure high quality seedlings that will do well. Salient Feature. A grafted mango tree has a productive age of 40 to 50 years. <> 1). The mangoes should be planted as grafted plants are as 4 to 18 month seedlings. System permits maximum utilization of land, water, nutrients and solar energy. Yes you can do it with vegetable legumes as well as with various other short and dwarf plants such as guava, papaya, plum, peach etc based on the local agro-climate. Below is a list top 10 hybrid mango varieties which are the sweetest mango in the world. HIGH DENSITY PLANTING AND CANOPY. At this stage, fruit formation is generally discouraged as it may hinder further growth of the fruit tree. Mango trees are evergreen and survive for over 100 years and develop a big trunk of over 4 m diameters. In according to the climatic conditions, lots of mangoes type are present in the world. Packaging Mangoes: The mangoes are usually packed in fiber board (corrugated) boxes that measure roughly 40cm by 30cm. There are various things that you need to keep in mind when planting grafted mango seedlings. >Ej�ּb��w�x%f��~�A��sP�|[��I��ĩ,��.n�G9���� 0 ;e ��(��D ��Q`B����ϧ.�@xg��S&��m%��ti��]p��ow�p8�7��]�. endobj The varieties that can be grown successfully under UHDP in different states are shown in Table 2. Places with good rainfall and dry summer are ideal for mango cultivation. endobj <> Doing this will also help in reducing the shock of transplantation and the trees will recover quickly begin producing new shoots. (Ideally, the air holes should constitute about 8% of the total surface area of the storage carton). It … High-density planting High-density planting helps increase the yield/unit area. Here are some tips on how you can properly take care of a baby mango tree:-. This should go on for at least one week after planting. It can also be used as a substitute for cola during the processing of confectionaries. 3 Ps: Mantra for maximizing mango yield under high-density planting system Mango is the most important fruit crop of India in terms of acreage, genetic diver-sity, consumers’ preference and market potential. This variety is best planted at spacings of 4-6 m within the row and 7-9 m between rows (357-185 trees/ha). In guava, ultra-high density of planting was also standardised. The important mango producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, 3 0 obj High density orchards are precocious, easily manageable, has higher yield potential, with better quality fruits and higher returns/unit area. Description. To establish a healthy and productive mango orchard, you must do adequate planning and preparation. Ploughing the area once or twice is suggested followed by two to three harrowings to pulverize and expose the soil completely. The low density planting at a spacing of 10 x 10 m accommodates 100 plants/ha (40 plants/acre), the moderate density at a spacing of 7 x 7 m accommodates 204 plants/ha (82 Spacing is one of the most important considerations when it planting mango seedlings. However, if plant seeding trees, they may take up to 10 years before they begin bearing fruits. Organic compost should be added in the planting area in the ratio of one part organic material to four parts soil. You can make a little basin around the base of the tree you have just planted by gently pressing down the soils around the seedling. x��=ێ�F���|Y@Zx8�+�>�&N6�]�6N�}�5�Y3+q�u��TUw�͛H�($0F��bwuuݻ�yy�+�w�u��o�We�Z��7�/�o��}���C~���خ��~���G�}�*����g��`Qg:z���3%��E,�q&�T�XFo�?��*�tsw������~Y|��m��P�xy���r��;��t�u�^^0E��-~�U.6����B,�6��E��w���Ͼ �Ǧ�`�v�G��U�x4�I�E��e�R The basin will help trap or hold water after it rains or after watering the mango trees. Ensure that the soil conditions are just right. It is better to avoid areas with winds and cyclones which may cause flower and fruit shedding and breaking of branches. During this time, the mango will yield between 20 and 30 fruits (2 to 3kg) per tree. End HDP in mango The productivity of mango in India is comparatively less than other mango producing countries. Plums may also be combined with apricots and Pluot® varieties. endobj An intercrop distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees. Performance of certain mango varieties and hybrids under high density planting in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh Aparna Dhulipalla Abstract Studies were conducted at farmers field in Putrela village, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh from 2010 to 2013 on 10 years old mango garden having cultivars like Baneshan, Totapuri, Suvernarekha, Alphonso, Mango Production Scenario in India India tops in the mango production in the world. High Density Planting In Mango Ultra high density plantation farming technique has been developed by JISL with the help of its scientists and agronomists. As the Cultivation Practices are very intensive, high value varieties are recommended. Fruits are attractive in shape having bright red peel and yellow – orange pulp. Planting grafted mangoes is the most ideal way to go about if you are planning your planting. Make sure that you transport the seedlings in the right containers such as boxes, bags or plastic crates as this will reduce damages on the seedlings. Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd (JISL) heralds a new era where mango becomes a quick, high, stable yielding, sustainable cash crop. Apples. Don’t use fresh manure! This is suitable for high density planting (400 plants/ha). Mango can be grown on a wide range of soils from alluvial to laterite provided they are deep (minimum 6') and well drained. Mango varieties usually thrive well in places with rainfall in the range of 75-375 cm. Grafted tree yields 1000-2000 fruits where as good orchard yields about 25-30 tonnes per hectare. High Density Planting is a method of densely planting plant with plant population more than the optimum to get higher productivity in terms of quality and yield by manipulating the tree architecture and planting systems such as use of dwarfing rootstock, interstocks, scions, spurs; intensive use of growth regulators, training and pruning, cultural practices and reducing the spacing. MANAGEMENT IN MANGO. In the next article, we will talk about how to take care of a baby mango tree in order to boost their chances of survival and get good yields from your mango trees. Mangoes are considered the kings of tropical fruits. In the colder areas, the seedlings may need to be protected from the effects of frost. Mango farming is quite popular and profitable. Regular bearing hybrid variety released in 2012, The trees are semi-vigorous and suitable for closer planting variety (6 m x 6 m). Julie is considered a dwarf tree. The planting distance depends upon nature/vigour of the variety and the rootstock used. Rainfall, high level of humidity or frost during flowering period may hinder the flower formation process. After that duration, the yield starts to decline. During the initial stages of the growth, the mango plants should be trained in order to give the plants a proper shape. Here is a guide on the kind of fertilizers that you should apply on your mango plants, depending on the age of the plant:-, Age of Plant in Years     Fertilizer Applied. It yields on an average of 16 tonnes/hectare. It is important to choose high quality planting materials so as to ensure high yields in your mango trees. For successful plantings in these conditions, ensure that the soils are well-watered before you plant the mango seedlings. There are conditions such as warmer climates, where the mangoes can be planted throughout the year. The red peel colour on golden yellow background makes it very appealing to the buyers. The three trials comprise a variety of four ‘best-bet’, intensive mango orchard systems including high-density and trellis designs, planted using the current commercial mango varieties Kensington Pride (KP) and R2E2, and two new mango varieties NMBP1243 and NMBP4069. }[�_��^�O���k�~�������}��. This mango is most commonly found in the Caribbean where it rose to prominence. Mangoes don’t generally do well in cooler weather as the cold temperatures restrict the growth of the fruit trees so in this kind of climate, you can afford to do high density plantings with spacing of between 2.5m to 3.5m. The fruit should be packed in a single layer with each carton containing 8 to fruits. TNAU Agritech Portal 278,496 views. ... High density planting in mango. Fortunately, mangoes can easily grow on your backyard. The roots of a mango tree are long and branched. The Best Mango Varieties for Containers or Small Spaces. In warmer climates, the mango trees tend to be more vigorous. Here are some tips on how to grow your grafted mangoes faster:-. When the trees are ready for thinning, the alternate trees may also be reworked or topworked to superior varieties. Mango cultivation can be revolutionized by the adoption of ultra high density planting system. The kind of spacing that you choose for your mangoes will determine how productive they will be. This manual will equip our farmers with the step-by-step measures that they need to follow when planting and taking care of their mango trees so as to get optimal harvest. UHDP method, while improving per acre productivity, simultaneously reduces the â ¦ See more of Pakistan Mango Growers Group on Facebook. The planting time for mangoes varies from country to country. For farm manure, you can mix in the ratio of 3:1. The first half should be applied immediately after the harvesting of the fruits around June or July while the other half should be applied around October. The variety is suitable for high density planting as about 1600 plants may be planted in a hectare. The base of the tree should always be clear of weeds. Pruning and shaping. • In mango, –Amrapali at 2.5x 2.5m in triangular system accommodation of 1600and – Dashehari at 3.0 X 2.5 m in square system -1333 plants per hectare, • Increase in yield per hectare was 2.5 times in Amrapali than that of the low density orchards of vigorous cultivar. Economically, mangoes are a very high value fruit tree. Maximize the length of the fruit season by planting several (or many) fruit varieties with different ripening times. Mangoes are also nutritious, being rich in both vitamins A and C. The mango tree is generally hardy in nature and will do well even in the most arid of areas. the low density orchards of vigorous cultivar. The grafted mango fruit trees will usually begin flowering within two years after planting. All the dead branches in the mango fruit tree should be removed so as to allow sunshine to pass through the canopies to the ground. Not only will this help in preserving the moisture in the soil, it will also hinder weed growth. You can also apply well-decomposed manure on the mango plants every year along with micronutrients based on the requirements in the form of foliar sprays. Ensure that you water the seedlings before transporting them from the nursery site to the planting site. Soil drenching with paclobutrazol (2 ml/tree) induces flowering during off year. The holes where you are planning to plant your mango trees should also be dug up at the onset of the dry season to allow for the water to collect in the holes and improve the survival of the mango trees. However, for practical purposes, it is advisable to go with the 10m x 10m and 12m x 12m for dry and most areas respectively. You can build a small fence around the mango trees using sticks, a piece of net or small wire fences around the planted tree. Ensure that you regularly pull out the weeds growing around the trees. Try to control the height of the mango tree at about 3.5m and ensure that you have pruned all the tree branches that are at the knee level. Mix the manure with the top soil and then place the mixture at the bottom of the planting holes. of mango’s varieties under UHDP (Ultra high density planting)” was undertaken at Jain Irrigation System Limited (JISL) Elayamuthur, Udumalpet during the year 2013&2014 and with the following objectives: To find out the effect of foliar application of micronutrients on the yield and quality of fruits in mango varieties. Post harvest handling of mangoes involves steps such as the preparation, grading, washing, drying, waxing the mangoes, packing, pre-cooling the mangoes, palletisation and finally, the transportation of the mango fruits to the market. In India, mangoes account for 40% of the country’s total fruit exports from the country. Optimised and recommended region-specific and variety-specific planting density for crops such as banana, Citrus, grapes, guava, papaya and sapota, besides recommending high-density planting and planting systems—for example, the double hedge row system of planting in guava, mango and litchi. After the mango tree seedlings have been planted, they need to be protected from the wind and the sun. Of late, high-tech horticulture known as high density planting (HDP), has come into vogue, which is capable of removing the limitations of mango productivity in the India. Planting densities for Palmer are generally higher than for Kensington Pride and R2E2. Planting seasons for mango farming vary from country to country. The mulch also helps reduce the competition from weeds ensuring the seedlings get optimal nutrients. The ripe mango fruit is commonly used in desserts and also in the preparation of a variety of fruity concoctions such as syrups, jams, jellies, squashes and jams. Then apply some mulch layer around the base of the young trees. Please keep in mind that it is not recommended that you water the mango trees two to three months before flowering as this is more likely to encourage branching and the development of leaves as opposed to fruiting. Mango occupied a pre-eminent place amongst the fruit crops grown in India because of its great utility. Put the mango seedling inside the hole and half-fill the hole using the top soil. Make sure that the mango tree seedling is standing upright after planting just as it was when it was in the nursery. The mango spacing will affect various factors in the mango growth including the growth, yield as well as the management practices in the mango orchard. Make sure that the grafted seedlings have been sourced from a reputable nursery. This will encourage the plant to begin flowering and fruiting. Less vigorous varieties such as Irwin may be planted at a higher density. Mango | Varieties. The box used in packaging the fruits should have enough number of air holes for proper ventilation. This planting technique also helps to save on water for irrigation. In the next post, we will talk about land preparation and planting process for grafted mango seedlings. The distribution of rainfall is more important than its amount. The holes should have a depth of 1m, a width of 1m and a length of 1m. If the trees are grown up, you can water them at intervals of 10 to 15 days from the time of the fruit set to maturity. Vegetative propagation is usually preferred by many mango producers. the varieties like Keser, Totapuri and Baiganpalli are also preferred for commercial cultivation. What factors should you look for when selecting the right mango seedlings to plant? They should also have adequate water during the first few months. Before you plant the mango seedlings, you should use 300g of fertilizer that contains phosphorous, potassium as well as trace elements. High density orchards are precocious, easily manageable, has higher yield potential, with better quality fruits and higher returns/unit area. The seedlings that you select for planting should not show any signs of diseases or pests. Ultra High Density Plantation in Mango - Duration: 13:37. For all the High density lovers ,the best method I have tried and found is planting root stock in-situ and then grafting in the 2nd year.A good strong tap root makes a lot of difference. However, this may not be practical if you are doing larger plantings. In the subsequent weeks, you can water the mango trees at least once or twice a week. of 3 x 2 m called Ultra High Density Planting System (UHDP). Due to the high demand for high quality mango fruits, we have written a comprehensive mango planting guide that details the processes that you need to follow when planting grafted mango seedlings as well as the various on-farm management measures that you should incorporate in order to get a good harvest. For 40 % of the total mango output by choosing the right mango?! Terminal flowering and fruiting habit due to varietal differences and diversity in agro-climatic conditions also mix up the top.. High value fruit tree enjoying your own homegrown delicious mangoes within two years after.. Regularly pull out the pruning should be cooled as soon as possible to desired! Level of humidity or frost during flowering period may hinder the flower formation process mixture at the bottom of tree. Yields, it is generally successful in hotter climates and leads to higher yields increase yield/unit! 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